Russell van Gelder, M.D., Ph.D., a professor of ophthalmology at the University of Washington, studied the circadian rhythms of genetically tweaked mice that were missing rod and cone cells and melanopsin. As expected, the circadian rhythms of these mice continued cycling but could no longer adapt to changes in light exposure. Surprisingly, though, the activity patterns of their retina’s were still responsive to light changes, suggesting that there was another light photoreceptor  in play in the eye and skin.  That pigment was neuropsin.  

This opsin, like all opsins, work with the Vitamin A cycle in the body. Most people struggle to convert dietary carotenoids into the active form of Vitamin A needed for photo-reception.  It turns out that blue light toxicity on the eyes or skin ruins the conversion of dietary carotenoids to retinol and this causes circadian phase delays that underpin mitochondrial diseases.

This opsin discovery is when I began to realize all I was taught about the sunlight in medical might be a fallacy.  The current paradigm in ophthalmology says that UV light is really bad for the eye and skin.  Well, if that was true why would Mother Nature have put a UVA opsin in the cornea and in the skin.  

Yep, neuropsin has been found in the eyes, skin, and subcutaneous fat now mimicking the exact spots where melanopsin is found.  Could this be why light at night leads to myopia and fat as I laid out in my Vermont 2017 video on youtube?   It does appear that the sensations your eyes get from light gives us the reality we experience here on Earth.


The retina is the only tissue known to ignore the master clock based in the SCN, but it does keep itself on a schedule, based upon all the data we have.  That made me ask the question, how does this occur?

I looked at articles where opsin were removed from animals (see above).  It turned out the retinas of the mice without neuropsin lost their ability to adapt to new patterns of light and darkness.  I found out that neuropsin and melatonin function must be coupled because melatonin is the hormone of darkness that is regenerated by daytime later morning UV light (9-11AM).  Was neuropsin key in this recycling of melatonin?  Does neuropsin also work with UV light in some way during the day?

The scientists working with these mice began by repeating their experiments with different wavelengths of light, the they found that neuropsin responds to UV-A and violet light up to 400 nm. This implied that the retina uses separate light signals based upon frequency to set its own clock and that of the body’s master clock in the SCN.  The central retinal pathways controlled by melanopsin are exquisitely sensitive to light in 435nm-465nm light which is based in the blue/green part of the spectrum.  400-430 nm light is present in early AM sunlight, before UVA shows up, and it becomes very prominent at dusk when the sun slowly sets.  These frequencies of light are ideally absorbed by melanopsin over several hours at dusk.  Melanopsin can be thought of as an opsin that pays attention to light as it dims.   Regarding neuropsin, we still don’t know precisely what kind of signals, either photonic, chemical or electrical, that neuropsin uses to set the retina’s clock.  My current bet it will be found to be photoelectric because of another clue the eye has given us.  Neuropsin is found in the cornea and the skin and this makes it very unique.  Why would we have a UV-A light sensor for bright mid-day light frequencies in a transparent cornea?   Since neuropsin works via UV-A light this is a “tell” that our modern beliefs that the cornea and lens block UV light is a pure fallacy.  It also tells us that non UV-B sunlight is important to melatonin recycling.

How did we find out neuropsin was in the cornea?  Researchers used a specialized “locator gene,” called a reporter gene, to figure out where neuropsin does its work. They found that, like melanopsin, it is located in neural cells that connect the retina to the brain via the central retinal pathways.  From there though, we do not know precisely yet today where these particular cells go within the human brain. Using this technique they did mysteriously confirm it is present it in the cornea.  This shocked many, including the eye doctors.  The cornea was not thought to contain any UV pigments by ophthalmologists, since its job is to let light through to the rest of the eye.  We now know this data needs updating.


I currently believe neuropsin was selected for by the KT event in eutherian mammals that made it through the last extinction event.  During this time it is believed that photosynthesis was disrupted for several decades to 1000 years.  This would have lowered the quantum yield of sunlight on the entire planet.  A lowered quantum yield of sun light would have sharply lowered UVB light more than UVA light.

Watching the light at the sunrise at 15% angle gets best results for health.  This angle is when the red light predominates.  As the angle gets over 15% UVA shows up.   Over 30% is when UVB light has arrived on most places on Earth.

Mammals that survived would have needed some way to get environmental signals to their pituitary gland to drive the thyroid hormone cycle needed to drive seasonal changes and to control reproduction.  Without these two factors, no mammals would have survived very long, in a low quantum yield environment.  In today’s world, we now see the same similarities in our environment but for different reasons.  As a result, in humans, thyroid diseases and fertility changes are now at pandemic levels.  I believe that UV-A light is critical in driving thyroid cycling in all modern mammals including humans.  When we see massive spikes in hypothyroidism, it is a sign that there is a global lowering of the quantum yield of sunlight for some reason.  65 million years ago it was debris from an asteroid that cause blockade of specific frequencies of light.  Today, it is non native EMF in the ionosphere that are destructively interfering with sunlight that falls to the Earth surface.  This explains why we have a global Vitamin D3 pandemic and why we see massive spikes in hypothyroidism and infertility.  Free T3 is needed for fertility (leptin) and for nerve function.  Low free T3 levels also are associated with chronic pain and severe alterations in cardiac function.  Free T3 levels have been studied in post heart surgery patients and been found to be an very good reliable outcome measure.  Free T3 tends to trend with melatonin levels because both need UV light exposure to recycle themselves in mammals.  Low free T3 levels is a sign of low UV light exposure.

Since eutherian mammals made it past this event horizon it stands to reason that this gene should be highly conserved in all mammals that survived.  So what does the data say about my idea?

Within placental mammals, neuropsin is extraordinarily conserved, with percent identity relative to human protein 96% averaged over 31 species; exceeding the 95% percentile of all coding genes proteome wide!   That conservation drops considerably at marsupials and monotremes (86%), is less striking at tetrapods (78%), and not especially remarkable at teleost fish (68%). This pattern suggests neuropsin acquired significant new adaptive functionality on the placental mammal stem, leading to marked resilience to fixation of any further variation for the last 65 million years.  That is why I believe as I do today.  My beliefs are always subject to new data.

Does this explain why the modern world faces a pandemic of hypothyroid disease?

It might.  Why?  How does this link to thyroid function?  Most people in medicine today know about thyroid function but few can explain why hypothyroidism is now at pandemic levels.  I think a global lowered quantum yield of sunlight on Earth maybe the reason.  This sounds hard to fathom,  because few really understand how the thyroid is controlled by light.  In 2010, I came across a study that gave me some insight to build upon this idea that I wrote about in Cold Thermogenesis 4 and Cold Thermogenesis 6.  Thyroid function, cold, and UV-A light exposure had to be linked in some way that biochemistry and medicine have not yet fully appreciated.  The linkage seems to go all the way back to the last time the Earth faced a lowered quantum yield.  The KT event was the last time Earth faced a “serious brown out from the sun”.  Neuropsin evolution was likely how life back then dealt with the last brown out to survive the event.  I believe neuropsin isoforms were re engineered in the early eutherian mammals and therapy dinosaurs to absorb in the blue range to overcome the loss of sun light.  This helped them live in a low quantum yield world and also allowed them to uncouple their inner mitochondrial membranes to make more heat.  This radically changed mitochondrial haplotypes in eutherian mammals.   The UV-A neuropsin has re-evolved in mammals as the sun’s power was restored.  The link of blue light neuropsin’s in bird and nocturnal mammals links to melatonin regeneration explains why life could survive in a world without full spectrum sunlight.  After the asteroid impact UVB light would have been non existent on Earth because of the particulate matter in the atmosphere.  UV-A light would have been present but rare.  This is why I knew to look at the skin and eye surface for a possible link for a light sensor for blue light.  I looked at the other animals that made it through the KT event beside eutherian mammals.  They were the therapod dinosaurs.  Their modern correlates are birds.  Quails happen to be birds.

The 2010 study I mentioned earlier was about the quail brain.  It mapped the bird version of neuropsin (NEUR1) to the paraventricular organ, a region of the diencephalon of nonmammalian vertebrates containing aminergic neuronal cell bodies (biogenic amine correlates in mammals) beneath the epithelial membrane lining the third ventricle.   The Paraventricular region is where the PVN is located and controls the sympathetic nervous system and it very sensitive to the UV spectrum of light from the retina.  The PVN is critical in the stress response and ROS signal from mitochondria from many different environmental signals.  This peaked my interest because of what I imagined occurred globally 65 million years ago,  to the quantum yield of sunlight, off the coast of Mexico.  The modern vertebrate forebrain’s diencephalon also contains the thalamus, hypothalamus and posterior pituitary.  This linked many areas of the mammal brain to vital functions.


The specific idea laid out in this paper was that incident UV-A and violet light would be sparsely present, but would be clearly able to be detected by the bird version of NEUR1 opsin in paraventricular neurons.  This would allow signaling via cerebrospinal fluid to the pars tuberalis of the pituitary gland, inducing there thyroid-stimulating hormone was present.  This, in turn, would induce the thyroid deiodinase DIO2 in tanycytes lining the third ventricle to affect fecundity and seasonal adaptations.  The 3rd ventricle is filled with CSF, which is 99.8% water.  Light changes the hydrogen bonding network in the water.  Light and water are critical in forming life’s battery over the 4.5 billion year history on Earth.  This interaction would lead to a photo-electric signal in the hydrogen bonding network in CSF that transforms light energy into the lattice of protons produced during a daylight long signal.

This signal induced T3 in the mediobasal hypothalamus, and ultimately could have induce gonadotropin-releasing hormone to the testis and ovaries to control seasonal reproduction.  Light and metabolism have always been linked to fecundity in birds and mammals.  These are critically important factors,  as I laid out in the last chapter of my book, The Epi-paleo Rx.  In this paper, they mentioned something rather startling to me about light frequencies and the bird opsin.  The peak adsorption was observed to be at 420 nm (blue) in this opsin and it was not readily transferred to orthologs in other species.  They found this out by studying genomic alignment and tuning residue formulas.  This meant birds faced something rather unusual in their evolutionary past, and it changed their genome in a specific way tied to light.  Their opsin responded to a predominance of blue light in the environment?  Why would birds have an opsin that responded to blue and not UV light?  Moreover, why would nocturnal mammals also have blue light neuropsin’s and why would humans have an opsin that responded to UV-A light?

The KT event fits this scenario quite well because of the brown out the two surviving animals were birds and small nocturnal mammals.  I do not believe it is a coincidence that 420 nm is right below melanopsin’s ideal optical range in today’s modern versions of mammals.  This made a lot of quantum sense to me considering what an asteroid would have done to the sun’s power and how it would have shuttered certain frequencies between the UV and blue band during daytime hours.

A commentary piece assigned to this article linked the the paraventricular organ to the hypothalamus in modern animals.  I immediately thought about the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) in humans.  I went digging and found that even though no exact mammalian anatomical counterpart exists completely, the Allen Brain Atlas shows mouse expression of NEUR1 there (blue range).  Things began to become more clear.  This had to be how light and water helped birds and mammals survive the KT event.  They survived because they has strong regeneration programs despite the fact UV light was nearly absent after this event.  These animals were able to navigate a low quantum yield event, by innovating an opsin in the skin and eye that responded best to a world that had buried the sun because of a bollide.  This version of opsin allowed them sustain higher heteroplasmy percentages because they used the relative darkness of their environment to control regeneration.  Melatonin was more important to these animals 65 million years ago than leptin was due to the decreased amount of daytime UV light.  Plants are also capable of using blue green light in their photosynthetic centers too to sustain the food webs to allow for a recovery.

The hormone that controls dark = melatonin.  When quantum yields are low from sunlight for any reason,  sunlight would be like AM sunlight is today up to an angle of 30%, darkness would be more plentiful.  There would have been equal parts of blue, green, and red with some critical UV-A  light after such an event.  The particulate matter would have lowered the amount of UV light considerably in the UV-B range.  This environmental change of light might have optimized neuropsin protein to UV-A light.

This is how I believe neuropsin and melatonin made their alliance from an evolutionary perspective 65 million years ago in birds and eutherian mammals.  This all of course, assumes that the photoperiodic reproduction hormomal control had to be directed by the light and dark mechanism under melatonin’s control.  It should be no surprise that even today, melatonin levels control mitochondrial DNA heteroplasmy percentage.  Leptin does not control this process.  This tells me on evolutionary time scales varying light on Earth had to be intimately involved with this biologic change.  This was a big clue for me why we are seeing the diseases we do today when we now live indoors under man made blue light.  This gives melatonin the master control switch that deals with the percentage of heteroplasmy and mito-nuclear co-aptation that Doug Wallace has laid out for modern biology.

This melatonin/neuropsin mechanism is retained from the ancestral situation in all animals that survived the KT event. Even today, the paraventricular organ is known from teleost fish and frog as well as birds.  Photoentrainment of daily circadian activity rhythms should be expected to be quite distinct in terms of opsin use from photoreceptor control of seasonal reproduction.  This idea fits precisely with what we now know about the human NEUR1 transcripts most commonly recovered from testis and ovary.   Want some proof for this speculation I am bring forth to you here?  Google neuropsin transcript DB097202.  It has a massive phylogenetic range back to amphioxus and sea urchins, past which, unfortunately nothing is known today.


Knowing is not enough; we must apply the knowledge. Willing is not enough; we must do the right thing around light in the decentralized web Nature gives us on Earth or it will sculpt us in ways we not be ready for.  

Nature programs in us builds endless optimism in the face of repeated failures. In this way she forces us to move to act to learn about our world. You have to open up to the world and learn optimism. In Nature, you always collect failures on your way to success.

BTC #27: The end game is close for fiat…………


Nighttime rumination about the Federal Reserve:  They say our experiences, stories, and lessons in life are not for us but for others.   What might I do to serve others and not just myself?   I don’t believe we are here to serve or engage ourselves but to serve others and engage them with the purpose of accomplishing a higher purpose greater than ourselves.  It clear our leaders feel differently because of the way they support Fed monetary policy.

To execute quantitative easing, central banks increase the supply of money by buying government bonds and other securities. Increasing the supply of money lowers interest rates. When interest rates are lower, banks can lend with easier terms.

In theory QE, in turn, spurs economic growth.  Today the debt to GDP ratio is so high that growth is now impossible.

A high debt-to-GDP ratio is undesirable for a country, as a higher ratio indicates a higher risk of default. In a study conducted by the World Bank, a ratio that exceeds 77% for an extended period of time may result in an adverse impact on economic growth.

Government Debt to GDP in the United States is now 120 percent in 2021.  At curent QE rates the national debt will approach $89 trillion by 2029 according to USDebtClock.org. This would put the country’s debt-to-GDP ratio at 277%.  This is unsustainable.

Above 90 percent of GDP, median growth plummets further, and average growth actually turned negative. The maturity of the debt also plays a factor, with nations heavily reliant on short-term borrowings most vulnerable to sudden crises.  The USA is now way over the 90% threshold.  This is why foreign governments stopped by US T Bills at US Treasury auctions in 2015.

CBO projects a federal budget deficit of $2.3 trillion in 2021, nearly $900 billion less than the shortfall recorded in 2020. At 10.3 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), the deficit in 2021 would be the second largest since 1945, exceeded only by the 14.9 percent shortfall recorded last year. Those deficits, which were already projected to be large by historical standards before the onset of the 2020–2021 coronavirus pandemic, have widened significantly as a result of the economic disruption caused by the lockdowns by government decree during the pandemic and the enactment of legislation in response.

Quantitative easing stimulates the economy in three other ways.

QE Keeps Bond Yields Low

The federal government auctions off large quantities of Treasuries to pay for expansionary fiscal policy. It increases demand as the Fed buys Treasuries, keeping Treasury yields low. (There’s an inverse relationship between yields and prices with bonds.)

Treasuries are the basis for all long-term interest rates. Quantitative easing through buying Treasuries therefore also keeps auto, furniture, and other consumer debt rates affordable. The same is true for long-term, fixed-interest debt. It supports the housing market when mortgage rates are kept low, and low rates on corporate bonds make it affordable for businesses to expand.

QE Attracts Foreign Investment and Increases Exports

Increasing the money supply also keeps the value of the country’s currency low. U.S. stocks are more attractive to foreign investors when the dollar is weaker, because they can get more for their money. A cheaper dollar also makes exports less expensive abroad.

QE Could Lead to Inflation

The only downside is that QE increases the Fed’s holdings of Treasuries and other securities. For example, the Fed’s balance sheet held less than $1 trillion before the 2008 financial crisis. That number had increased to almost $4.5 trillion by July 2014.  Today in 2021, it is now 30 Trillion dollars.

The more dollars the Fed creates, the less valuable existing dollars are. This lowers the value of all dollars over time, which then buys less. The result is inflation.

Why did the Federal Reserve go from emergency lending in 2008 to quantitative easing?

The Fed launched four rounds of QE to fight the financial crisis in 2008. They lasted from December 2008 to October 2014. The Fed resorted to QE because its other expansionary monetary policy tools had reached their limits. The fed funds rate and the discount rate were zero. The Fed even began paying interest to banks for their reserve requirements. Quantitative easing became the central bank’s primary tool to stop the crisis.



CLUBHOUSE THESIS:  https://forum.jackkruse.com/index.php?threads/my-clubhouse-thesis-hyperinflation-is-close.25623/



First – this blog is not tax advice. Please consult with a tax lawyer or CPA before doing your taxes, and hey, it goes without saying, but always pay your taxes.

One USD dollar invested in Bitcoin in 2010 is now worth 900,000 dollars.  Great news, but how much in taxes do you owe if you sell it?

The news is good if you did not sell and still own it.

Starting in the 2020 tax season, on Schedule 1, every taxpayer has to answer at any time during the year whether you receive, sell, send, exchange, or otherwise acquire any financial interest in any virtual currency as the video above said.

This is an extremely broad question and will require you to check “yes” even if you are just holding crypto in an exchange or wallet. In 2020, the IRS clearly sees noncompliance on virtual currency transactions as a threat to the tax system.

If you mark “yes”, first & foremost, it would signal the IRS to check various forms and schedules of the return for cryptocurrency gains and losses. However, everyone who marks “yes” may not have a reportable taxable event. For example, during 2019, if you just held bitcoin and did not sell, you would not have any taxable amount to report. In these cases, the IRS will use the cryptocurrency question as a way to gather data about US crypto holders and keep an eye on future years for taxable events. HYPERLINK

The IRS sent three different types of notices in the initial phase in 2019:  I know because I got one from them via the Bitstamp exchange.

Letter 6174– this wass a soft notice informing the taxpayer that there is a likelihood that they did not report their virtual currency transactions. The notice asked them to re-check their return and, if necessary, file an amended return to correct the misreporting. The taxpayer is not required to respond to the notice and the IRS intends not to follow up on these notices. In short, this is information only to the taxpayer and education on how they comply.

Letter 6174-A– this was a “not so soft notice” from the IRS. As in Letter 6174, this letter tells the taxpayer that there is potential misreporting of virtual currency transactions. However, this notices stated that the IRS may follow-up with future enforcement action. Again, no response was required if the taxpayer believes that they are in compliance. Taxpayers who received this notice should have been aware that they have been put on “notice” that they have been identified as a noncompliant taxpayer for potential future IRS enforcement (audit)

The last notice required a response – Letter 6173. This notice requested a response from the taxpayer about the alleged noncompliance. The letter provided instructions on responding to the IRS. The IRS intends to follow up on these responses to determine if the taxpayer is in compliance.

The IRS started sending a small number of these notices in June, 2019. Mass mailing of these letters will occur during the week of July 22, 2019, and continue through August. Taxpayers receiving this notice will have a special hotline and address at the IRS for any contacts and responses

Bitcoin however, enjoys a favorable tax treatment from the IRS. This is bullish considering its run in 2019. They key is understanding your tax basis and why it should be held for investing purposes but also for its tax treatment.

Capital gains tax in crypto is especially bad because it is extremely expensive to rotate positions in a bull market. Your next investment needs to outperform your current hold by 30-40% to be in the money net of tax.  This is why I tell everyone never sell once you buy.

Most talk about why you should never sell BTC, but if you do sell you need to know what your tax basis is. As with all financial advice, check with your tax expert before taking any advice from anyone. So what does the IRS say about BTC/GBTC tax basis?

According to the IRS’ official guidance on crypto taxation, crypto is taxed as “property,” which is just a fancy way to say it’s taxed like a stock.

Thank the Bitcoin God!

Now let’s go back in history to 2010 and see what BTC founder had to say about this aspect of BTC:   “Bitcoins have no dividend or poten­tial future dividend, there­fore not like a stock. More like a collectible or commodity.”

Satoshi Nakamoto

The US government decided to handle BTC differently.  Why?

If you buy bitcoin and hold it for more than a year, you pay long-term capital gains when you sell.  For US federal taxes, that means you pay a 15% tax on any gains, unless you make a lot of money (more than $479,000 (for married couples) or $425,800 (for individuals)), in which case you pay 20%.  That compares favorably with almost every other alternative investment sold on Wall Street exchanges.

I believe there were two main reasons the government did this. The first one is obvious.

1.  Taxing it like a stock makes it very unfavorable to be used as a currency to compete with the US Dollar.  They do not want any competition for the dollar because of how they use the dollar to punish countries politically and exert pressure.

2. The second reason was to use IRS tax law to uncover who holds cryptocurrency so they could tracked and surveilled for tax purposes into the future.

The government knows tracking crypto transactions is difficult for the IRS because of manpower.  They also know that the cell phone is the ideal way to track people who own crypto.  This is one reason why using a VPN on your phone/computer is very wise at the beginning of 2021.   The IRS is telegraphing they intend to have the NSA spy on us through our phones.  Once they find out who admits they have crypto they’ll know who to surveil via technology.  This is why everyone who uses cryptocurrency should consider a VPN for their phone.

Eventually, people will think ‘My phone is spying on me’.” Why are they doing this?  Under observation, we act less free, which means we effectively are less free.  You have to think critically to know what they government will do when the deck is stacked against them in the crypto-world.

For instance: GOLD IS NOT AS BITCOIN FRIENDLY AS BTC when it comes to taxes.

Gold is taxed as a collectible. That means, no matter how long you hold it, the lowest tax you can pay when you sell is 28%.  And yes, this is true even if you hold a gold exchange-traded fund like the SPDR Gold Shares (GLD); there’s nothing magical about wrapping physical gold in an ETF that changes its tax treatment.

Currency is taxed at regular income rates. No matter how long you hold a currency investment like the Invesco CurrencyShares Japanese Yen Trust (FXY), you never qualify for long-term capital gains. Instead, you pay your marginal income tax rate on any gains, up to 37% on federal taxes. This one hurts the pocketbook.

Commodity futures–and ETFs that hold commodity futures like the US Oil Fund (USO)–are what’s called Section 1256 contracts for tax purposes. That means two things, neither of which are good for long-term investors:

  1. First, any investment in a Section 1256 contract is “marked to market” at year-end, which means you owe taxes on paper profits at the end of the year even if you don’t sell.
  2. Second, regardless of your holding period, 60% of any gains are considered long-term capital gains, and 40% are considered short-term capital gains. That means the blended tax rate for someone in the highest federal income tax bracket is 26.8%.

The relatively high tax rate is unfortunate, but it’s the mark-to-market feature that kills long-term investors. People really don’t like paying taxes on paper profits, and the inability to defer taxation can have a meaningful impact on long-term returns.

Bitcoin futures, for what it’s worth, are considered Section 1256 contracts, so they fall under this tax classification; direct holding of “physical” bitcoin (or investing in a fund that holds bitcoin) does not.


An airdrop, in the cryptocurrency business, is a marketing stunt that involves sending coins or tokens to wallet addresses in order to promote awareness of a new virtual currency. A hard fork is a radical change to the protocol of a blockchain network that makes previously invalid blocks/transactions valid (or vice-versa).

A “hard fork” of a cryptocurrency owned by a taxpayer does not result in gross income for a taxpayer if the taxpayer receives no units of the new cryptocurrency, but taxpayers receiving an “airdrop” of units of a new cryptocurrency after a hard fork have ordinary gross income from the airdrop, the IRS ruled in Rev. Rul. 2019-24, issued in October in 2019. The IRS also updated its Virtual Currency Transactions frequently asked questions on its website to reflect the ruling.

The last thought:  the US tax system relies on a voluntary compliance system. This means that the the IRS expects you to report all taxable transactions (whether the IRS knows about those transactions or not)

The IRS is now asking you to self report what crypto transactions on your 1040 return you have made in 2020 because without this information they are flying blind to a degree.  They do get some help however.   If you receive a Form 1099-K or Form 1099-B from a crypto exchange, without any doubt, the IRS knows that you have reportable crypto currency transactions. … If you receive a Form 1099-B and do not report it, the same principles apply. Likewise, Coinbase, Kraken and other US exchanges do report to the IRS.

This is thanks to the “matching” mechanism embedded in the IRS Information Reporting Program (IRP).  During any tax year, if you have more than $20,000 proceeds and 200 transactions in a crypto exchange, you will get a Form 1099-K indicating proceeds for each month. The exchanges are required to create these forms for the users who meet the criteria. A copy of this form is provided to the account holder, and another copy goes to the IRS. If you file a tax return and do not include these amounts, the IRS computer system (Automated Underreporter (AUR)) automatically flags those tax returns for under reporting. This is how you get tax notices like CP2000. If you receive a Form 1099-B and do not report it, the same principles apply.

Over the past few years, the IRS has issued subpoenas to several crypto exchanges ordering them to disclose some user accounts.  Many crypto investors got caught in that web after the 2017 drop because many people sold BTC and did not hold it.  This created huge IRS interest.  Word is this is another reason why IRS decided to treat BTC as a stock to get more tax monies.  Anyone who sold it at a loss would want to offset the loss with a gain so the IRS could find out how many Americans were really holding cryptocurrency.

For example, in 2018, Coinbase had to disclose approximately 13,000 user accounts including taxpayer identification number, name, birth date, address, records of account activity, transaction logs and all periodic statements of account or invoices (or the equivalent) pursuant to John Doe summons. On another occasion, the IRS subpoenaed Bitstamp to release more information about a taxpayer who filed an amended return and requested a $15,475 refund.  Let’s just say I know that taxpayer and how the IRS tracked the person of interest.

A 2020 point:  If you took a crypto loan from an exchange remember the interest is tax deductible but the loan amount can be calculated from the interest paid.  This tells the IRS that a balance had to be present on the exchange at some point to make the collateral based loan.


That was all Bitcoin, what about Defi crypto transactions on Etherium?

There are three big topics in DeFi to cover for taxes – liquidity pools, staking and yield farming, and NFTs.

Very simply, a liquidity pool, or a DEX, is a smart contract where you can exchange one token for another.  I have written about them already in the BTC series.  Have a look at them.

Trading on a DEX is exactly the same treatment as trading anywhere else. There is one level of complexity which is that Dex’s are 100% token to token trades, as opposed to exchanges where one side of the pair is often a fiat currency.

Liquidity Providing

But, let’s talk about the DeFi part – providing liquidity to a pool. I pick a pair (let’s say the SushiSwap WBTC / WETH) and I deposit 50% value of each asset. For instance, in March that would be around 1 WBTC and 25 WETH. As part of that deposit, I get a token back indicating my ownership percent of the pool. People then trade against that pool, and over time my holding will shift in line with the relative movement of WBTC and WETH. Perhaps in a week my holdings will be with 1.1 WBTC and 24 WETH.

There are a few ways people are treating this for tax purposes. On the one hand, some people treat the initial deposit and token issuance as a trade. That is to say, you’re 100% disposing of the WBTC and WETH, and acquiring a new token with the cost basis of the tokens you disposed of.

For a lot of people, this is a perfectly reasonable treatment, especially if you only recently got into crypto. That’s because you pick up a gain or loss based on that disposition – if you’ve been hodling a month that might be a minor loss. If you’ve been hodling 5 years, you may be creating an enormous tax bill for yourself which would require you to liquidate assets.

To deal with that problem, some tax professionals are recommending you treat this as a containerization – the best analogy is to think of a blind trust. Back in the day, politicians would put their assets into a blind trust when they took office, which is to say they didn’t sell all their stock, but they put it under the care of a professional who would not consult with them on trades. Theoretically, this decreased the chances of the politician making self-enriching policy.

In that case, the transfer to the blind trust was not a taxable event, but every trade that the blind trust executed would be even if you weren’t directing it.

That’s essentially what a liquidity pool is – you deposit some funds, then other people are actually doing the trading on top. So, in a perfect world, you’re not recognizing the transfer into the pool as a taxable event, you’re monitoring the trades and recognizing those on a block by block, day by day, or month by month basis. We build software to automate that, but you can do it yourself by just picking a time once a day to check your underlying asset balance in the liquidity pool, recording that in a spreadsheet, then having a column that tracks the relative deltas of the assets. Turning that into a trade can be simple for a 2 asset pool, perhaps more complex for a pool like Balancer, and you have to follow some rules around multi-asset trades.

In this way, you are essentially only recognizing the change to your holdings, not a full sale of all your deposited crypto. In fact, a similar discussion arises around WBTC and WETH – is the movement from ETH to WETH a sales and acquisition, or a containerization? Some tax professionals are ok with the containerized approach, some aren’t – so, talk to your tax person before you jump into this world!


Interestingly, in the eyes of the law, Corporations are afforded similar rights to natural living humans. Corporations have the right to transact, own assets, buy and sell property, and conduct business – as the business deems fit, as a legal person.

Corporations function under what is known as a corporate veil. This is an important distinction that separates the actions of the corporation from the actions of the business owners (shareholders) and it also affords protection to the shareholders from being liable for the corporation’s actions.

A Corporation has many of the same rights as a natural person and more rights than a natural person — under the age of majority (minors are not permitted to enter into legally binding contracts).

Suffice it to say, the legal status given to a corporate entity makes it a very powerful vehicle to conduct business and offers significant tax advantages and asset protection when compared to transacting as a natural person.  Your tax professional can help you figure out how to maximized this option for your needs.

Yield Farming & ETH 2.0

What about staking and yield farming for tax purposes?

There are a lot of great articles about how to do taxes on mining revenue, and for the most part you can follow that guidance for staking and yield farming as well. Let’s take the above example – I want to deposit my SLP token and earn some SUSHI yield on that. Because you retain full control over those staked assets, and can remove them any time, you can really think of this as a bank account that’s earning interest. There is then the same debate about the staking rewards as there already exists about mining – namely, do you treat it as income immediately when it hits your wallet, or do you treat it as a zero-cost basis item, and only pay tax when you sell it. The more conservative treatment is to treat it as income as it hits your wallet (either looking at the balance in the staking contract or when you claim it) – your tax authority wants their money, and they want it now – deferring is usually a more aggressive stance. But, as always, talk to your tax professional.  Your mileage might vary.

This applies to various forms of deposit contracts – Yearn / Harvest vaults, Compound / AAVE deposits, and other instruments that look and smell like interest-bearing accounts.

But, what about something tricky that I know everyone is thinking about – ETH 2.0 staking? Well, that is a lot more complicated. Because you can only deposit into the ETH 2.0 contract right now, and because there’s no concrete plan to enable withdrawals, and it’s up to a bunch of random people with GitHub screen names – this really feels like a non-callable loan. Like a loan to your sister-in-law, you can hope it gets repaid, but you shouldn’t be counting on it. Talk to your tax professional about how to treat it, but many tax professionals in the crypto space are saying not to recognize any of the ETH 2.0 staking rewards until you can actually claim them.


We’ve tackled liquidity pools, we’ve tackled staking and yield farming – how about NFTs? Well – this one is tricky. At a high level, they are an asset like anything else on the blockchain – you want to treat the acquisition of an NFT like other assets (see how we treat multi-asset transactions, for instance, if buying the NFT took some tokens, some WETH, and cost some fees).

But here’s where things get complicated – in the United States (and several other tax jurisdictions), collectibles are taxed differently than stocks and bonds. That is to say, they generally don’t have long term capital gains treatments. What does that mean for you?

Well, and I’m sounding like a broken record, but talk to your tax professional.

The treatment comes down to intent and use – did you buy a Steph Curry TopShot because he’s your favorite player and you loved the 3-pointer he was draining? That feels a lot like collecting. Were you putting money into a crypto bond to earn a yield? Not so much collecting (though, some crypto bonds have really pretty digital designs, which definitely starts to muddy the waters). It gets even more tricky if you’re a business that’s actively trading NFTs, that feels more like normal business operations rather than collecting, but boy does it get gray. Tax professionals are your friends in this chaos!

Finally, if you’re creating NFTs to sell, and selling them for a profit, that’s just like any other artist and you probably need to pay income taxes on them.  My third cite below is a link to DeFi crypto experts to help you along your path.

There are some things I haven’t covered (like lending pools, how to record losses from hacks, and what to do about token vesting periods), but this should get you started down the path of paying your taxes. And please remember – pay your taxes and be honest with the IRS.

Usually, tax resistance is futile.  If you decided to buck the system people receive letters from the IRS stating they owe funds. Also common: having 15% of their social security check or employment check garnished every month to pay the tax debt. More recently, with crypto IRS debt, if someone has a significant tax debt (over $50,000) they may not be allowed to renew their passport.  The IRS knows crypto investors can move their fortunes easy without being detected.

Which brings us to the last taxing question:  Do you know about tax havens?

There are roughly 195 countries in the world and almost 25% (45) of them are considered tax-havens. The more popular tax-havens most people are familiar with are the ones located on small tropical islands, such as the Cayman Islands, Bahamas, St. Martin, St. Lucia, Seychelles, Turks and Caicos, and Bermuda.

There are the lesser-known tax-havens located in key business hubs such as Hong Kong, Panama, and Singapore.

There are also tax havens in well-established and developed countries like Ireland, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands.

Two jurisdictions worth mentioning for cryptocurrency enthusiasts are The Republic of Malta and Panama.  They offer some interesting options for people.  Research them.

You can now set up an offshore haven easily with the help of a new company, Korporatio.   Blockchain is a perfect ‘use case’ for recording and storing incorporation filings and one such company that has taken this to task is Korporatio, which offers blockchain incorporation for various off-shore jurisdictions starting at just $1,000.  Research them to learn about how to use the rules to favor yourself.

Again, here is the hyperlink for my crypto tax software.

The take home from the IRS:   Don’t sell your crypto if you don’t have to because no taxes become due.

I buy my crypto by depositing USD in the Gemini/BlockFi exchange because they have the low transaction charges.  Then I send the crypto assets to my wallet.

If you have smaller balances and want to Dollar cost average look to Swan Bitcoin:  https://www.swanbitcoin.com/DrJackKruse

If you want the most yield for USD or BTC look here:  https://platform.ledn.io/join/a02c7816be789573a80c8b513395b9fd

Want to earn a safe and easy passive income with your crypto purchases? Then try out Blockfi here:  https://blockfi.com/?ref=34f06254

You can earn: % on your Bitcoin balance

8.6% dollars $USDT




The podcast, The DeFi Daily.

ClubHouse critics today………….


For context:  Some vegan ex neuroscientist tried to get on stage and tell me that quantum mechanics has no role in biology.  He made and ass of himself and I was happy to see him do it.  First it highlights the limitations of critical thinking on a vegan diet.  Two, it explains why he is an ex scientist.  He failed at critical thinking.

Anyone who tells you quantum entanglement is not operational in Nature needs to be reeducated.

@PaulCapestany is the vegan ex neuroscientist who came on stage in Dennis Porter’s room today and try and dox me.  Here is the paper to refute his premise.  There are hundreds more and books like “Life on the Edge” by Jim Al Khalili that show you the depth of his educational arrogance.


Nature provides “a why” for things to live, and as such, living things can bear almost any how the Earth can throw at it.  So this raises the difficult question: why don’t humans understand magnetism well?  When you have no framework of understanding a topic, a question of why is fruitless.  This is counterintuitive to most and it is one of the ways a skeptic undresses themselves by showing their ignorance.  Scientists are an interesting breed of people, they are creative, adventurers, critical, and pragmatic. This may not be the initial subset of people you would look to for inspiration. However, think for an instance of the motivation required to tackle the great intellectual challenges of our time. Scientists are driven by constant curiosity and inspired to find truth.  Physicians should be too, but the paradigm today is not about truth, it is built around following evidence they believe on the menu for health.  Magnetism rarely comes up as a topic for wellness in any office.  That is unfortunate.  Paul tried to bring it up in ClubHouse today but he was so ignorant he had no idea how the brains mitochondrial creates its own magnetic field because of the rotating F0 ATPase head that contains an electric current.  Micheal Faraday show the experiments in physics that proved this happens in the 1800s.  James Clerq Maxwell used mathematics to prove Faraday correct.  Today we have MEG machines for the brain and heart that show us our colony of mitochondria create magnetic fields in biologic systems that we can impact with our choices.

The problem with people like Paul is not their ignorance of new data. The issue is being educated just enough to never question what you were taught in the first place.  I even volunteered to give him the data points to study and he was not interested in the least.

What’s even most frustrating is when you literally give someone like Paul the ex-neuroscientist,  the resources to solve their Dunning Kruger moments, but they are unwilling to put the effort in to educate themselves.  That is pathetic.

No scientist was more interesting than Feyman, in my opinion, because of how he understood nature.  Examining nature from his perspective is how I think about her laws.  “Two things are infinite: the universe and human stupidity; and I’m not sure about the universe.”

The “mitochondriac clinician” should be known by having chosen to clash with popular thinking and the limited imagination of fellow scientists, clinicians and the public if we are to ever advance our knowledge in biology.   It is not a popular place to be, but it is the position where ultimate truths will be revealed, in my opinion.  This situation does not bother me as a clinician today.  I realize my professions’ limitations currently, but I am driven to push the boundaries of what is possible for patients by understanding how magnetism affects our cells. The history of medical discovery has taught me to be patient.  For me it was once strange to realize that the history of medicine is littered with stories of extraordinary people who made novel discoveries by asking a question nobody else thought was worthwhile.  Moreover, with time, the world usually seems to awaken to new realities in understanding,  and it then appears so easy and simple for anyone to accept.  The history of science is saturated with stories like this.

What nature does not forbid…….most certainly will happen eventually.  That really is the story behind biological evolution, but not too many see it my way, yet. Our beliefs are still tethered to natural selection by convention.  It follows that in nature and human imagination, anything is possible, and this is why, in nature, there is no law except the law of nature that there is no law.

The problem is not people being uneducated; the problem is that they are educated just enough to believe what they have been taught, but not educated enough to question what they have been taught. It’s easier to fool people “using choice controls” than to convince them that they’ve been fooled.  Who comes up with diagnostic criteria anyway? The paradigm does in healthcare.  Who does this on social media?  In technology, it’s the tech industry.  If you control the choice you control the game.  This is why FB has no dislike buttons.  In case you’re wondering why things built for profit use this ideology, all one needs to do is realize it is a giant sales funnel.   It’s a profiteering scam. Whoever names the game by controlling choices and options, owns the game.  This is why the government wants control of healthcare too.

That’s why mitochondriacs focus on the most fundamental layers of physiologic function: light water and magnetism.  It is also why functional medicine practitioners focus on bio-chemical pathways:  It drives their profits through their testing and supplements.  This is how they make money.  It is time for you to realize that wake up call.   Now we have functional medicine types using healthcare and technology platforms to really control choice of their customers.  They are now using both together.

Consider the technology shell game they employ.  When using technology, we often focus optimistically on all the things it does for us with their products. But I want to show you where it might do the opposite effect on our biology.

Where does technology exploit our minds’ weaknesses?

I learned to think this way when I studied to become a magician as a kid after I saw a magic show at a birthday party. Magicians start by looking for blind spots, edges, vulnerabilities and limits of people’s perception, so they can influence what people do without them even realizing it. Once you know how to push people’s buttons, you can play them like a piano.

And this is exactly what product designers do to your mind. They play your psychological vulnerabilities (consciously and unconsciously) against you in the race to grab your attention.

I want to show you how they do it.

Hijack #1: If You Control the Menu, You Control the Choices

MEDICINE’S MENU FOCUS What is not on the menu but

Should be?  MAGNETISM

Great Option #1

Great Option #2

Great Option #3

Western functional medical culture is built around ideals of individual choice and freedom from the “constraints of allopathic medicine”.  I chuckle when I hear the profiteers speak this way.  They use the techniques far better than allopathic medicine does.   Millions of us fiercely defend our right to make “free” choices, while we ignore how those choices are manipulated upstream by menus we didn’t choose in the first place.  Is medicine’s menu the same one nature used to built wisdom in our cells?  Have you ever thought about health in this way?

This is exactly what magicians do to people.  Many people throughout history have mentioned that when you examine and look at quantum mechanics, it defines what magic really seems to be.  This is the science that forms the basis of reality and all nature and we ignore it.  Magnetism is part of nature’s magic used in every cell.  People like Paul have no idea how factual this statement is.

Using magic trick for your audience is way easier when your target audience has lowered dopamine level in their neural networks.  This is often why hospitals, offices, and casino’s favor artificial blue light frequencies to illuminate environments for the customers.  It makes people more docile and easier to control for the profiteer.  Blue light lowers magnetic flux in our mitochondria.  Paul believes bursting on the scene in ClubHouse can mimic a casino.  It cannot because my job is to educate you about people like Paul.  This is not how people understand magnetism, so that is why they do not understand the why of magnetic effects of different light frequencies on their mitochondria.  In a magic show, magicians give people the illusion of free choice, while architecting the menu so that they win, no matter what you choose. I can’t emphasize enough how deep this insight is when viewing how paradigms operate today.

When people are given a menu of choices, they rarely ask:

1. “what’s not on the menu?”

2. “why am I being given these options and not others?”

3. “do I know the menu provider’s goals?”

4. “is this menu empowering for my original need, or are the choices actually a distraction?” (e.g. an overwhelmingly choice of supplements for example)

For example, imagine you’re out with friends on a week day night and want to keep the conversation going. You open the “Yelp App” to find nearby recommendations and see a list of bars. The group turns into a huddle of faces staring down at their phones comparing bars. They scrutinize the photos of each, comparing cocktail drinks. Is this menu still relevant to the original desire of the group?

It’s not that bars aren’t a good choice, it’s that Yelp substituted the group’s original question (“where can we go to keep talking?”) with a different question (“what’s a bar with good photos of cocktails?”) all by shaping the menu.  This change went below your perceptual abilities because it was done over blue light and a network built of nnEMF.  Both are designed to lower magnetic flux in your mitochondria to lower ATP levels to get you to choose what is good for them and not good for you.  This lessens our ability to think well.  It is part of technology design.

This is what a vegan diet does to human cortex.  The ATPase cannot spin at its highest rate to support cognition in superior fashion.  Do you think Paul knows this?

Think about the video above now.  Feyman had difficulty telling his interviewer why magnets do as they do.  In my example above, you all have had this experience to understand the framework.  None of you realized it was tied to magnetic flux in your mitochondria by the use of light frequencies.

Will this change how you understand how aberrent light frequencies can affect your life?

That is for you to decide.

Let us go back to the Yelp App to make the point clear.

Most people in our group example falls for the illusion that Yelp’s menu represents a complete set of choices for where to go. Is this like what happens in a doctors office or a hospital?  The ER?  In a grocery story?  At college?  At your bank or brokerage house?  I think it is.  The reality of this situation is that when people are looking down at their phones, they don’t see the park across the street with a band playing live music. They miss the pop-up gallery on the other side of the street serving crepes and coffee. Neither of those show up on Yelp’s menu.  Do they mention bitcoin or just assume you’ll pay in fiat?   What isn’t on your health menu where you spend you medical dollars?

There is a pardox of choice………only when we know there is other choices.  So what do healthcare and technology paradigms use in common to win?

They control the choices by controlling the menu of what they think you should know, want or ask.

This is precisely what has happened with COVID.  They assume everyone will want a vaccine after a lockdown for year and they are stunned that vaccine hesitancy exists.  Sometimes vaccine hesitancy can lead to a divorce in a relationship.

The more choices technology or healthcare gives us in nearly every domain of our lives (information, currency, events, places to go, friends, dating, jobs) — the more we assume that our phone is always the most empowering and useful menu to pick from. Is this really factual?  Is it based upon nature’s laws of engagement for cells?

The “most empowering” menu is different than the menu that has the most choices. Nature provides cells with all options.  It is a decentralized network.  All things that at decentralized are thermodynamically most efficient by quantum laws.

The only man made decentralize network I have found in six decades is Bitcoin.

In fact, it gives cells options they are not even optimized for, but they can use them if they change things.  This is what evolution is all about.  Nothing is off the table given the environment on Earth powered by sunlight.  But when we blindly surrender to the menus or currency we’re given in the modern tech world, it’s easy to lose track of the difference in outcomes:

“Who needs their gallbladder removed” becomes a menu of the things published as evidence in a textbook

“Who’s free tonight to hang out?” becomes a menu of most recent people who texted us (who we could ping).

“What’s happening in the world?” becomes a menu of news feed stories from social media.

“Who needs a vaccine” becomes a menu or algorithm set in place by the CDC or government.

“Who only believes fiat is a store of value and a unit of transfer?”

“Who’s single to go on a date?” becomes a menu of faces to swipe on Tinder (instead of local events with friends, or urban adventures nearby).

“I have to respond to this email.” becomes a menu of keys to type a response (instead of empowering ways to communicate with a person).

To every thing there Is a season, but with sunlight there is always some type of modulation that slightly varies its power to allow time to manifest. This is how nature creates a specific variety of frequencies (and magnetic flux) that our cells are rewarded by.  Innovation favors the connected life.  The functional medicine doctors will never get you to this level because it removes the variable rewards they need to thrive in their business.  This problem is not just one in allopathic medicine. I believe it is greater issue in functional medicine.  Why?  Their framework is less understood by the public than allopathic medicine so people rely on their menu of choices even more.  This is why the “bulletproof selection” menu is devastating to many.    What are some of those menu choices doing to us?  Sales of supplements and tests that give partial or variable successes are hugely powerful tools to those involved in the functional medicine business.  Vegans do this to with supplements.  How good can your dietary choice be when you need supplementation to maintain health or your ability to think?

Why do they do this?   The functional medicine paradigm learned this from studying gaming.  They are in a game to try to usurp the power of allopathic medicine.  So they shrewdly went to look at how casino’s separate us best from the money in our wallets.

One major reason why is the #1 psychological ingredient in slot machines: intermittent variable rewards.

If you want to maximize addictiveness (a lowered dopamine effect), all functional medicine needed to do was study what technology designers did in casinos and in Apps we use.  Their business plans only need to link a user’s action (like pulling a lever) with a variable reward attached. If you don’t believe it just sign up for the emails of the “bulletproof executive” for a month and tell me if you do not see this post in every email you get.

The media world today is enveloping man in bullshit. This is especially true in the financial world with Bitcoin deceit uttered by the old vanguards of capitalism who support the Federal Reserve = Charlie Munger & Warren Buffet.  It is no surprise neither support BTC.  Charlie and Warren own banks that launder billions per year and have been charged criminally.  Give me a break.  It reminds me of Upton Sinclair comment:  “It is difficult to get a man to understand something, when his salary depends on his not understanding it.”

His views are not based on knowledge or research – his views are instead an expression of his inability to grasp new concepts, new frontiers and new technological innovation. Not because of his age necessarily – its his attitude where the problem lies.  Paul Capestany, Warren, and Munger all share the same deficits in critical thinking for different reasons.

Some of the misinformation shared is intentionally designed to deceive, and some of it is mouthed by people too ignorant or frightened to distinguish natural truth from falsehood.  I think Paul Capestany of ClubHouse fame represents the latter.

Having an open mind is critical in being a mitochondriac, but we all need to remember in today’s social media empire, having an open mind with no framework of natural understanding, will allow people with profit motives to come in and put many things in your head.  Be mindful of this.


Doctor = teacher who uses words, not prescriber. Empowering patients to be informed people and not blind sheep is a sign of a great teacher.

You can lead people to water, and though you can’t make them drink, you *can* give them the awareness that they’re’ thirsty.

That is my post mortem today from ClubHouse.  We have to call out the bull shit artists among our tribe.  They can decide who is right and who is wrong.









Red, itchy eczema patches may look contagious, but they’re not.  Eczema is basically an altered immunologic disease in the skin that starts out as an itch that turns into a red rash. The itch of eczema can be hard for others to understand. Patients with this disorder say it can feel like poison ivy, chickenpox, and a sunburn rolled into one skin condition.

The skin can also get rough and scaly, with sores that ooze and crust over. To manage the symptoms, some alternate between taking Epsom salt baths and showers.  That is what most physicians tell their patients because that is what is taught in medical school.  Those answers do nothing to get rid of the disease.  They only treat the symptoms on a short term basis.

The answer to reversing the disease is getting solar exposure more frequently to properly program the T cells in your skin to raise the melatonin levels in your skin.  No one learned this in medical school.

Reality alert = Is eczema an allergy to nnEMF or blue light toxicity? 

It might be. Read the below carefully. Is sunlight a wireless vaccine that can help this condition? It might be. Sunlight has so many benefits I might have written volumes about its effect.  There are so many hidden benefits people don’t just get because people are taught these days to bury the sun by my profession.   This is an example of how a centralized curriculum in medical school is really an analogue algorithm of a by gone era.

We, like trees, need physiologic solar exposure. For me, I use it to reduce my overall nnEMF/blue exposure I get in surgery and in my life; in addition, it has massive effects on dopamine, serotonin, histamine, melatonin, sulfation, methylation, and Vitamin D3, gut biome populations, charging my exclusion zones up by raising my DC electric current to lower the work my mitochondria needs to do. No area is difficult to get sun on if you just expose your skin to the problem region. The results of that “wireless vaccine” of light might shock you!!! That is why eczema remains a large problem today. People cover up far too much. If you child has eczema it maybe that pre-pregnancy and during pregnancy your body did not get enough sun and this altered your T cell cells in your skin.  We have more T cells in our skin than in any other organ.  When this occurs this information can be epigenetically transferred to your child via mRNA signaling to change the childs’ skin physiology. This condition might be a baseline acute immune reaction of a de-programming of T-regulator and helper cells from a lack of sunlight!!!!!


Most people are familiar with electrostatic forces that are weak.  Examples of weak electrostatic force is when humans rub a balloon and the hair on their body stand up on ends or what that some materials, such as amber, attract lightweight particles after rubbing.

Usually insulators, e.g., substances that do not conduct electricity, are good at both generating, and holding, a surface charge. Some examples of these substances are rubber, plastic, glass, and pith. Conductive objects only rarely generate charge imbalance except, for example, when a metal surface is impacted by solid or liquid nonconductors. The charge that is transferred during contact electrification is stored on the surface of each object.

Skin is actually a very good insulator as well so, relative to metal, humans aren’t very good conductors. Because the skin is a good insulator it means Nature engineered it to hold electric charges from sunlight for some reason.  What might those reasons be?

Sunlight create electric fields in our atmosphere every day and that sunlight creates a Coulomb force.  Coulomb force is an electrostatic force.  Electrostatic phenomena arise from the forces that electric charges exert on each other. Such forces are described by Coulomb’s law. Even though electrostatically induced forces seem to be rather weak because of how we experience them in life, when the scale shrinks, as it does in a cell,  the electrostatic force increases tremendously in its power.  For example,  some electrostatic forces such as the one between an electron and a proton, that together make up a hydrogen atom, is about 36 orders of magnitude stronger than the gravitational force acting between them.  The electrostatic force generated in your skin is another example of a strong electrostatic force because the skin, as an insulator can hold large amounts of charge.

People are unaware that this force involved with the biology of melatonin and the function of mitochondria where electrons and protons are the target of this force because they are charged particles.  The same thing is true of T-Regulator cells in the skin.

Although charge exchange happens whenever any two surfaces contact and separate, the effects of charge exchange are usually only noticed when at least one of the surfaces has a high resistance to electrical flow. An alteration in the electrical charge in your skin is one of the major reasons why many people cannot convert cholesterol containing semiconductors in their skin to 25-D-OH Vitamin D.  Tattoos also alter the charge state of the skin because of the atoms in the ink.

This is because the charges that transfer are trapped there for a time long enough for their effects to be observed. These charges then remain on the object until they either bleed off to ground or are quickly neutralized by a discharge: e.g., the familiar phenomenon of a static “shock” is caused by the neutralization of charge built up in the body from contact with insulated surfaces.  With melatonin, T Cell functioning, and skin physiology the charge are rarely seen because charges are transferred to electrons and protons in the chemicals of cells.

Coulomb force, also called electrostatic force or Coulomb interaction, is the attraction or repulsion of particles or objects because of their electric charge. When people get skin outbreaks the charge within the epidermis is a manifestation of charge discharge in the skin.  This is analogous to the static discharge mentioned above.  The redden plaque is the manifestation of a charge transfer problem in the skin.  When electrostatic force cannot be discharged properly it can effect Gauss law in our body.    Gauss’ law states that “the total electric flux through any closed surface in free space of any shape drawn in an electric field is proportional to the total electric charge enclosed by the surface.  Since a mitochondria is a close organelle that contains massive amounts of electrons and protons at a small scale any altered discharge of an electrostatic field causes a change in Gauss’s law with respect to the mitochondria.  What is this a big deal?

Mitochondria make water, CO2, and melatonin.  Melatonin, doc?  Yep.  We now have very new data that shows that mitochondria make the chemical that regulates its ability to transform energy in tissues locally.

This recent paper describes this finding.  We now know mitochondria synthesize and release melatonin.  This occurs via their selective G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) in the outer membrane of the mitochondria. The paper demonstrated that mitochondrial melatonin type 1 receptors respond to melatonin by activating circadian coupled G proteins located in the intermembrane mitochondrial space.  These proteins, once powered up by the redox potential created in the power plant than become able to inhibit stress-mediated cytochrome c release. Cytochrome C controls water production in the mitochondrial matrix from metabolism and it control autophagy and apoptosis programs in mitochondria which link it to redox power.  Nature’s use of this unique wiring mechanism gives mitochondrial educators insight to how we need to changes our thinking about how humans operate.   The classical understanding of biological GPCR function, taught in a centralized medical curriculum is OUTDATED badly. This has huge implications for how we should be treating diseases.  The new data is telegraphing us that the powerplant of a cell has the ability to synthesize and act as a signaling receptor for a specific ligand.  This ligand is likely tied to the circadian mechanism of the peripheral clock genes present in tissues.  This means the wiring diagram shows mitochondria come built in with a automitocrine signal which creates melatonin locally to prevent degeneration and disease by limiting the downstream effect of cyctochrome C release on caspase activation.  Caspases are a family of protease enzymes playing essential roles in programmed cell death.

Why is this a big deal?  We know that melatonin deficient tissues are more likely to develop cancers. We also know that caspase deficiency has been identified as a cause of tumour development.  This paper now makes the link between these two concepts and explains why skin diseases are harbingers of future cancer risk.

Early mitochondrial damage shows up in people with  Hay Fever & Asthma

People with loss of redox power in their immune systems tend to get mitochondrial diseases earlier in life.  This is why there is a connection between those two conditions and rosacea and atopic dermatitis. If a parent has hay fever or asthma, their children are more likely to have the skin condition. And many children with atopic dermatitis will go on to get hay fever and/or asthma.

Most often the cause of these disorders are due to a change in the semiconductive properties of the skin and the reason is often tied to our light environment. When light hits a semiconductor a DC electric current result in tissue.  We can measure with with surface electrodes and an oscilloscope. Electric charges cause electromagnetic force fields around them. This causes things to do the things they do = physiology of the tissue in question.  When the semiconductor in the system is defected the phenotype of the disease manifests. That is what causes eczema plaques.


UV light affects the immune system. In some people, it can improve moderate to severe cases of eczema from atopic dermatitis, rosacea, or contact dermatitis. Usually, these treatments use UVB light. “PUVA” is a UV treatment combined with a drug called psoralen.  I do not like the drug, so I replace it with photobiomodulation and this improves clinical efficiency in therapy.  Skin docs use UV light in an artificial manner by itself.  UV is never present from sunlight without the other frequencies of visible light.  This is why I balance the huge Coulomb force created by UV light with red light.

Coulomb forces must be balanced after daytime and this occurs at night when light is absent. This is why light at night is so bad for us, and why a centralized doc has no ability to figure out why this occurs. It is also why your dermatologist has no clue to the cause of eczema.  You have to understand how Coulomb’s force becomes unbalanced to alter how mitochondria can transform energy. That break in the pathway is the charge on melatonin in the skin which affects the mitochondria in the skin to give a person eczema. Melatonin in mitochondria of tissues are created by the Coulomb forces in AM sunlight. Melatonin levels vary within tissues because of how much light tissues get. As a result, it appears melatonin is a guardian of the Mitochondrial genome (37 genes). Out of the 37 genes, 13 of them are specific to energy-transforming mitochondrial genes. Those 13 genes only code for the proteins that tunnel electrons and spit protons out of the mouth of cytochrome proteins. The mitochondrial genome undergoes 3 times as many genomic mutations as the nuclear genome by design. Melatonin levels are critical in monitoring mitochondrial behavior and light energy transformation by controlling how energy is being transformed from light to create physiologic power.

The major function that melatonin helps smooth-out in mitochondria are

Energy metabolism and flux via control of electron and proton tunneling.

Redox balance within the mitochondria = GSSH (glutathione)

Ion homeostasis = electrostatic controls via Coulomb forces that vary via light

The signaling of cell death and mitophagy = % heteroplasmy in a mitochondrion =  the amount of melatonin your skin makes from its mitochondria = the amount of light energy transformed to physiologic power in the skins component semiconductors.

How Light Treats Acne

Acne forms in pores — the tiny holes in your skin. Each pore contains an oil-producing gland. The oil keeps your skin healthy.

But sometimes the oil, dirt, and dead skin cells can get trapped inside pores and clog them up. Bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) that live on your skin can also get inside these blocked pores. P. acnes make the clogged pores swell up into bumps called acne.

One way to kill bacteria and clear up pimples is with light. The bacteria in your skin are sensitive to certain types of light. When you shine these lights on your skin, toxic substances form and kill the bacteria. Light therapy also shrinks the oil glands in your skin, so your skin makes less pore-clogging oil.

Doctors used to treat acne with ultraviolet (UV) light.  The smart play is to use full spectrum sunlight to help acne or cystic acne because sunlight has red light in it that help resolve the inflammation in the follicles.

You may get special medicine before your treatment to make your skin more sensitive to the UV light. Doctors call these medicines “photosensitizers.” They include aminolevulinic acid (ALA) and methyl aminolevulinate (MAL).  The smarter play is to use red light therapy to precondition the skin to absorb more UV light and you won’t need the drugs to deal with the acne.

This is why docs cannot solve many skin diseases, but sunlight can and does.  A lack of sunlight or excessive blue or nnEMF causes many skin diseases.


1. https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-12/gumc-sos121616.php

2. https://www.pnas.org/content/114/38/E7997